Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer announced her support on June 3, 2020, for a series of policy plans for police reform in Michigan, calling on Michigan law enforcement agencies to enhance their training and policies to help create a police culture where all Michiganders are treated with dignity and respect under the law. Whitmer also voiced her support for measures that require law enforcement officers to complete training on implicit bias and de-escalation techniques, and applauded the Senate for taking up Senate Bill 945, sponsored by Sen. Jeff Irwin, which addresses many of these issues. The governor also urged police agencies to require their officers to intervene when they observe an excessive use of force by another officer, which will save lives and help to keep people safe.
“The deaths of George Floyd, Ahmaud Arbery, and Breonna Taylor were a result of hundreds of years of inequity and institutional racism against black Americans,” said Whitmer. “Here in Michigan, we are taking action and working together to address the inequities black Michiganders face every day. That’s why I’m calling on Michigan police departments to strengthen their training and policies to save lives and keep people safe. I am also ready to partner with the Michigan legislature and law enforcement officials to pass police reform bills into law.”
“We recognize the shortcomings of the systems in place today—systems that have left black, Latino, and other communities of color feeling under-served, even threatened by law enforcement,” said Lt. Gov. Gilchrist. “People across Michigan have been calling for changes to police practices, and these actions are clear steps in the direction of needed reform. We are not done, and we strongly encourage cities and counties to adopt and enact local measures that build trust, accountability, and a comprehensive, non-discriminatory experience of safety for everyone in our state.”
“The role and responsibility of police officers in our society is a great one; one in which our authority is derived from the trust and support of the people we serve,” stated Col. Joe Gasper, director of the Michigan State Police. “Our members take an oath to protect and serve all people, and in this time, we cannot stand on the outside looking in. We must listen and take action, reviewing our policies and practices to work together to pave a path forward where everyone has a voice and all are treated equally as human beings.”
“I strongly support requiring the Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards re-examining, recruiting, hiring , training and retention requirements for Michigan’s police officers,” said Wayne County Sheriff Benny Napoleon. “This examination is not only long overdue but it is absolutely imperative.”
“Police officers must have policies and training systems in place that encourage and mandate they take immediate action to intervene when observing any form of police brutality,” said Lansing Police Chief Daryl Green.
“We look forward to partnering with Gov. Whitmer and Lt. Gov. Gilchrist to reform the systemic racial inequities in this country,” said Michigan Legislative Black Caucus Chair and Senator Marshall Bullock (D-Detroit). “This is a time for rational thought and actions, exemplified by those using their voices and feet to march for justice and we look forward to working with leaders in the legislature to address these critical issues. Silence is no longer an option”
“Out of the fractured sadness, despair, and widespread anger at the tragic murder of George Floyd has arisen a powerful, united voice,” said Detroit Caucus Chair and Representative Sherry Gay-Dagnogo (D-Detroit). “We know that we can do anything when we do it together, so let’s keep talking and moving the arc to bend toward justice because the world is listening.”
“I am grieved by the murder of George Floyd and countless other Black men and women at the hands of police,” said Grand Rapids City Manager Mark Washington. “The outrage and hurt felt by members of our community is real. The City of Grand Rapids is committed to continuing to implement actionable steps to create change that leads to increased accountability, justice, and safety for all Grand Rapidians.”
ACTIONS THE GOVERNOR IS TAKING:
• Requesting that the Michigan Commission of Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES) provide guidance to law enforcement agencies on continuing education that will help officers keep up with the everchanging landscape of new laws and issues facing the community, including diversity and implicit bias training.
• Encouraging police departments to participate in efforts that are underway on comprehensive reporting on the use of force by police departments.
• Urging law enforcement agencies to implement duty to intervene polices.
• The governor applauded Southfield Police Chief Elvin Barren and Lansing Police Chief Daryl Green for their efforts in ensuring their officers intervene when an officer observes another officer doing something inappropriate or illegal.
• Calling on the Legislature to act on SB 945.
• Under Senator Irwin’s bill, SB 945, incoming law enforcement officers would be required by law to go through training on implicit bias, de-escalation techniques, and mental health screenings.
Under the leadership of Governor Whitmer and Col. Joe Gasper, the MSP has already taken a number of actions to reform policies that will ensure MSP members treat all Michiganders with dignity and respect.
ACTIONS MSP HAS TAKEN:
• Created an Equity and Inclusion Officer position within the department.
• Set a goal to increase the racial minority trooper applicant pool to 25 percent and the female trooper applicant pool to 20 percent, in an effort to diversify the department.
• Established community service trooper positions to institute a community policing concept statewide.
• Posted all non-confidential department policies online to increase transparency.
• Implemented recurring implicit bias training for all enforcement members and assisted in the development and pilot of a nationwide implicit bias training for civilian personnel.
• Generated a public-facing transparency web portal for FOIA requests.
• Revised the department’s pursuit policy to limit the circumstances in which MSP members can engage in a vehicle pursuit.
In April of 2019, Whitmer signed an executive order to create the Michigan Task Force on Jail and Pretrial Incarceration, chaired by Lt. Gov. Gilchrist, which has reviewed the state’s jail and court data to expand alternatives to jail, safely reduce jail admissions and length of stay, and improve the effectiveness of the front end of Michigan’s justice system. The task force has produced a report and made recommendations that are awaiting action by the legislature.
In January of 2019, the governor signed Executive Order 2019-9, which requires each director of a state department and head of an autonomous agency to designate an Equity and Inclusion Officer to help strengthen non-discrimination protections for state employees.